（ 辽宁工程技术大学工商管理学院，葫芦岛市 125105； ）
摘要： 随着我国城乡化进程不断加快，大量农村劳动力涌入到城市，农村三留守问题日益严重，而其中处于身心未成熟阶段的未成年人，由于长期缺失父母的监管和关爱，在生活、心理健康等方面存在诸多问题。辽宁省葫芦岛市位于辽宁省南部，距离京津唐地区较近，在经济发展的同时，人口流动较为频繁，留守儿童问题日益严重。 本文通过对辽宁省葫芦岛市周边农村地区14个乡镇进行调研走访，收集2370户留守家庭基本信息，获得1329名14周岁以下儿童的分布情况并获得占总体59.9%的796名留守儿童家庭结构、监护人情况等详细信息。经对访谈数据和问卷数据的整理，使用SPSS17.0工具对调研所得数据进行探索性因素分析，得出针对农村留守儿童的多元化教育模型。该模型包含"文化知识教育、道德教育、情感交流、生活常识教育、心理健康教育、安全教育"六个部分。本文在建立多元化教育模式的同时也为其实施提出了建议，为留守儿童教育提供参考。
Ma qianfei， Huang qingshuang*
（ College of Business Administration,Liaoning Technical University,Liaoning Huludao 125105； ）
Abstract： Along with the development of China's urban and rural urbanization, a large number of rural labor into the city, three rural left behind problems become more and more serious, which in the physical and mental immature stages of minors, due to the long absence of regulation and caring parents, there are many problems in the life, mental health and other aspects. Liaoning coastal economic belt as the focus of regional development of Liaoning Province, at the time of economic development, population flow is more frequent, the increasingly serious problem of Left-behind children. In 2013, the total number of left-behind children in Liaoning Province, Huludao six areas reached 176000, accounting for about 38.2% of the total number of left-behind children in Liaoning province. In this paper, through the research on Liaoning Province, Huludao surrounding rural areas, visited 14 villages, a total of 2370 households left behind family basic information, obtain the distribution of the 1329 children under the age of 14 and accounting for 59.9% of the overall 796 left-behind children, guardian family structure detailed information. Based on the analysis of left-behind children groups based on left behind children education, attempts to summarize the existing problems, and from the perspective of college students put forward diversified education pattern of Left-behind children. In order to make the construction of diversified mode of education more scientific and precise, use exploratory factor analysis was used to classify the problems of education, form a left behind children as the main body, the introduction of diversified education concept, proposed the mode of education, which includes the "cultural education, moral education, emotional communication, knowledge of life education, mental health education, safety education of left-behind children" education mode, to provide the reference for the left-behind children education.
Keywords： Rural left behind children; diversification; education model;
马倩菲，黄庆双. 农村留守儿童多元化教育模式研究[EB/OL].北京：中国科技论文在线 [2015-12-07].http://www.paper.edu.cn/releasepaper/content/201512-361.